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Thermal machines - 4PMGTHM9

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  • Number of hours

    • Lectures : 10.0
    • Tutorials : 10.0
    • Laboratory works : ?
    • Projects : ?
    • Internship : ?
    • Written tests : ?
    ECTS : 1.5

Goals

Introduce thermodynamics on constructive and physical basis. Then apply this knowledge to industrial energetic systems.

Contact Thierry DUFFAR

Content

CHAPTER I Reminder of thermodynamics
I-1- Generalities
I-2- Definitions
I-3- The first principle
I-4- The second principle, Consequences of the second principle
I-5- Thermodynamic functions
I-6- Particular case of perfect gases
I-7-TOOLBOX

CHAPTER II Thermodynamic Diagrams
II-1- Relevance of Thermodynamic Diagrams
II-2- Clapeyron Diagram (P-V)
II-3- Entropic diagram (T-S)
II-4- Enthalpic diagram (H-P)
II-5- Mollier diagram (H-S)

CHAPTER III Ideal Cycles and combustion engines
III-1- Introduction, efficiency
III-2- Steam engines cycles or Carnot cycles (1824)
III-3- Beau de Rochas cycle (1826
III-4- Diesel cycle (1897)
III-5- Exergy

CHAPTER IV Gases and Steam Expansion and compression
IV-1- Expansion without discharge
IV-2- Transformation with discharge: the bicycle pump
IV-3- Levelled expansions

CHAPTER V Gas Turbines
V-1- The different types of gas turbines
V-1 Joule cycle and Brayton cycle
V-2- The internal combustion turbine
V-3- The recycling gas turbine
V-4- Two level-gas turbine expansion
V-5- The external combustion turbine

CHAPTER VI Steam Engine
VI-1- Introduction
VI-2- Diagrams with phase change
VI-4- Diagram with chambers
VI-5- Rankine cycle
VI-6- The Hirn superheating cycle
VI-7- Outlet cycle
VI-8- The counter-pressure cycle

Chapter VII Refrigerators and Heat Pumps
VII-1- Introduction
VII-2- The refrigerator
VII-3- The heat pump
VII-4- The condensing cycle
VII-5- Refrigerant fluids
VII-6- The overheating cycle and subcooling

CHAPTER VIII Secondary circuit of a PWR
VIII -1- Technology choices
VIII -2- Vapor circuit
VIII -3- Water circuit

EXERCICES (about 10)



Prerequisites

Basis of thermodynamics

Tests

Notation is performed by evaluation of 4 exercices and one project.



Additional Information

Curriculum->GEN->Semester 7

Bibliography

Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, McGraw-Hill, 4th edition, 2001

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Date of update March 13, 2019

Grenoble INP Institut d'ingénierie Univ. Grenoble Alpes