Physics and Nanoscience : Overview and Career Opportunities
The objective of the Physics and Nanoscience Specialization is to train engineers and researchers with a high level of expertise in physics and nanotechnology. Such engineers are in high demand in industrial research and development departments in the fields of microelectronics, optical devices and telecommunications and also in public research laboratories (such as CNRS, CEA and universities) for applied physics and theoretical physics.
The course is organized in the following manner
In the 1st year, students study physics fundamentals and physics for nanotechnology and engineering science. In the 2nd year, they choose either an applied specialty (microelectronics, optoelectronics or microwaves) or a theoretical specialty (solid-state physics, particle physics or astrophysics). Practicals and projects make up a large part of the program. The Physics and Nanoscience Specialization is able to draw on the excellence of the local and industrial expertise in this field with guest lecturers frequently providing lessons and seminars.
Engineers with this Specialization are able to pursue the following careers
Research & Development Engineer: Participates in the development and improvement of component performance in the fields of microelectronics, optoelectronics, microwave devices.
Planning Engineer: Defines the different technological stages necessary for the production of a given product.
Test Engineer: Responsible for product characterization using physical, electrical and optical measurements.
Process Engineer: Responsible for the development or monitoring of a particular stage (deposition, cleaning, etching, lithography) of a given product.
Researcher in Public Research Institutions
Applied Research. Works on subjects with a direct link to industrial needs for a particular application: the design of new laser sources, new types of data storage memory, the next generation of transistors, etc.
Basic Research. Works mainly in condensed matter physics laboratories with large instruments (such as synchrotron and neutron reactors) on breaking research: quantum computing, carbon nanotubes, magnetic nanoparticles for medical applications,...
Other careers in production are also possible such as production engineer, product engineer, purchasing engineer and project manager.