School of engineering in Physics, Applied Physics, Electronics & Materials
The knowledge of the structure of matter is most often a prerequisite for understanding its properties. X-ray, neutron or elecron scattering can be used in order to investigate the structure of materials. The course is an introduction. It will focuse on perfect crystal structure and X-ray scattering.
The two main objectives of the course are that students are able to describe any crystal structure and to determine a crystal structure from the analysis of its X-ray diffraction pattern.Contact Francoise HIPPERT
2/ Direct and recirocal lattices, lattice classification
3/Study of crystal symmetries, space groups, point groups
4/ X-ray scattering
5/ Experimental methods
Chapters 2 and 3 deal with geometrical crystallography. The importance of the symmetry of crystals will be emphasized. Examples will be analyzed only from a structural point of view. Questions about the origin of a given structure or chemical bonding are out of the scope of the lectures.
Chapters 4 and 5 on X ray scattering are illustrated by tutorials on relevant examples of crystal structure determination.
Teaching methods : 24h Theoretical classes (T)
Language : Classes and assessment in English, Bibliography in English.
The exam is given in english only
Final written examination. 2 hours
No document exept one sheet of paper containing a summary of the course.
Pocket calculator allowed.
written examination 100%
This course is given in english only
N.W. Ashcroft and N.D. Mermin
Solid State Physics (Holt-Saunders International editions) : chapters 4,5,6,7.
The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction (International Union of Crystallography / Oxford Science Publications, 2001).
M. T. Dove
Structure and Dynamics : an atomic view of materials (Oxford series in condensed matter physics, 2003)
B. E. Warren
X-Ray Diffraction ( Dover publications, 1969 first edition, 1990 second edition).
J. Als-Nielsen and D. McMorrow
Elements of Modern X-ray Physics (John Wiley and sons, 2001)
V. Pecharsky and P. Zavalij
Fundamentals of Powder Diffraction and Structural Characterization of Materials
(Springer, second Edition 2009)
Date of update August 28, 2014