# Thermodynamics - 3PMNTHE7

• #### Number of hours

• Lectures 14.0
• Projects 0
• Tutorials 14.0
• Internship 0
• Laboratory works 0

ECTS 1.5

## Goal(s)

Introduce thermodynamics on constructive and physical basis. Then apply this knowledge to industrial energetic systems.

Contact Fiqiri HODAJ

## Content(s)

CHAPTER I Reminder of thermodynamics
I-1- Generalities
I-2- Definitions
I-3- The first principle
I-4- The second principle (Carnot principle), Consequences of the second principle
I-5- Thermodynamic functions
I-6- Particular case of perfect gases
I-7-TOOLBOX

CHAPTER II Thermodynamic Diagrams
II-1- Relevance of Thermodynamic Diagrams
II-2- Clapeyron Diagram (P-V)
II-3- Entropic diagram (T-S)
II-4- Enthalpic diagram (H-P)
II-5- Mollier diagram (H-S)

CHAPTER III Ideal Cycles and combustion engines
III-1- Introduction, efficiency
III-2- Steam engines cycles or Carnot cycles (1824)
III-3- Beau de Rochas cycle (1826
III-4- Diesel cycle (1897)
III-5- Stirling Cycle

CHAPTER IV Gases and Steam Expansion and compression
IV-1- Expansion without discharge
IV-2- Transformation with discharge: the bicycle pump
IV-3- Levelled expansions
IV-IV The different types of compressors and their use
IV-V- Volumetric compressors

CHAPTER V Gas Turbines
V-1- The different types of gas turbines
V-1 Joule cycle and Brayton cycle
V-2- The internal combustion turbine
V-3- The recycling gas turbine
V-4- Water injection turbine
V-5- Two level-gas turbine expansion
V-6- The free-piston generator (ship Diesel)
V-7- The external combustion turbine

CHAPTER VI Steam Engine
VI-1- Introduction
VI-2- Diagram of a thermal power plant
VI-3- Diagrams with phase change
VI-4- Diagram with chambers (Watt Diagram)
VI-5- Rankine cycle
VI-6- The Hirn superheating cycle
VI-7- Outlet cycle
VI-8- The counter-pressure cycle

Chapter VII Refrigerators and Heat Pumps
VII-1- Introduction
VII-2- The refrigerator
VII-3- The heat pump
VII-4- The condensing cycle
VII-5- Refrigerant fluids
VII-6- The overheating cycle and subcooling

CHAPTER VIII Compressive fluid flow and expansion
VIII-1 Mechanical conservation laws
VIII -2- Expansion with a compressible fluid flow
VIII -3- Isentropic expansion in a variable pipe
VIII -4- Consequences of Hugoniot’s relation
VIII -5- Flow in a pipe connected to a tank
VIII -6 Nozzles
VIII -7- The jet engine
VIII -8- The turboreactor (1939)
VIII -9- The statoreactor (1939)

Prerequisites

Basis of thermodynamics

Test

Semester 5 - The exam is given in english only

Session 1 (in presence):
Written exam, 2h. Lecture notes and calculator allowed.

Session 2 (in presence):
Written exam, 2h. Lecture notes and calculator allowed.

Session 1 (confinement, distance exam):
Written exam, 2h. Documents and calculator allowed. Monitored by Zoom.

Session 2 (confinement, distance exam):
Written exam, 2h. Documents and calculator allowed. Monitored by Zoom.

Session 1 : 100% Written exam
Session 2 : 100% Written exam

Semester 5 - This course is given in english only

Curriculum->Internationals Cursus->Semester 5

Bibliography

Yunus A. ÇENGEL, Michael A. BOLES. Thermodynamics : An engineering approach